American Art – Frederic Edwin Church (1826-1900)
Church was a member of the Hudson River School of painters.
Below – “New England Scenery”; “The Icebergs”; “Twilight in the Wilderness”; “Niagra”; “The Aegean Sea”; “Oosisoak.”
Remembering an Author on the Date of Her Birth: Born 30 January 1912 – Barbara Tuchman, an American historian and two-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction (for “The Guns of August” (1962), a work centered on the first months of World War I, and “Stilwell and the American Experience in China, 1911-1945″ (1971), a biography of General Joseph Stilwell).
Some timely quotes from the work of Barbara Tuchman:
“Strong prejudices in an ill-formed mind are hazardous to government, and when combined with a position of power even more so.”
“Books are the carriers of civilization. Without books, history is silent, literature dumb, science crippled, thought and speculation at a standstill. Without books, the development of civilization would have been impossible. They are engines of change (as the poet said), windows on the world and lighthouses erected in the sea of time. They are companions, teachers, magicians, bankers of the treasures of the mind. Books are humanity in print.”
“Wooden-headedness, the source of self-deception, is a factor that plays a remarkably large role in government. It consists in assessing a situation in terms of preconceived fixed notions while ignoring or rejecting any contrary signs. It is acting according to wish while not allowing oneself to be deflected by the facts.”
“Policy is formed by preconceptions, by long implanted biases. When information is relayed to policy-makers, they respond in terms of what is already inside their heads and consequently make policy less to fit the facts than to fit the notions and intentions formed out of the mental baggage that has accumulated in their minds since childhood.”
“In America, where the electoral process is drowning in commercial techniques of fund-raising and image-making, we may have completed a circle back to a selection process as unconcerned with qualifications as that which made Darius King of Persia. … he whose horse was the first to neigh at sunrise should be King.”
“Business, like a jackal, trotted on the heels of war.”
“A phenomenon noticeable throughout history regardless of place or period is the pursuit by governments of policies contrary to their own interests.”
“In April 1917 the illusion of isolation was destroyed, America came to the end of innocence, and of the exuberant freedom of bachelor independence. That the responsibilities of world power have not made us happier is no surprise. To help ourselves manage them, we have replaced the illusion of isolation with a new illusion of omnipotence.”
Below – “Smoke of a .45”; “The Buffalo Hunt”; “Laugh Kills Lonesome”; “Bronc to Breakfast”; “The Scouts”; “The Cryer” (bronze).
by Richard Brautigan
A piece of green pepper
off the wooden salad bowl:
Contemporary Uruguayan Art – Camila Lacroze
Below – “While you live, live!”; “Illusio_creep”; “Fish.I”; “Self portrait with seagulls”; “Deconstruction I”; “Crossed Worlds.”
Born 30 January 1882 – Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States.
Born 30 January 1919 – Fred Korematsu, a Japanese-American citizen of the United States.
19 February 1942 – President Roosevelt issues Executive Order 9066. This order authorized the Secretary of War to prepare for the incarceration of Japanese-Americans, German-Americans, and Italian-Americans.
3 May 1942 – General DeWitt orders Japanese-Americans to report on May 9 to Assembly Centers as a prelude to being removed to internment camps. Korematsu refused and went into hiding. He is captured on 30 May 1942.
8 September 1942 – Korematsu is tried and convicted in federal court for a violation of Public Law No. 503, which criminalized the violations of military orders issued under the authority of Executive Order 9066, and is placed on five years’ probation. He is taken from the courtroom and returned to the Tanforan Assembly Center, and thereafter he and his family are placed in the Central Utah War Relocation Center in Topaz, Utah.
Korematsu then appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, which granted review on March 27, 1943, but upheld the original verdict on January 7, 1944. He appealed again and brought his case to the United States Supreme Court, which granted review on March 27, 1944.
18 December 1944 – By a vote of 6-3, the Supreme Court sided with the lower court. The majority opinion was written by Supreme Court justice Hugo Black and held that the need to protect against espionage outweighed the rights of Americans of Japanese descent, such as Fred Korematsu.
30 September 2010 – The Fred Korematsu Day of Civil Liberties and the Constitution is first celebrated in California to commemorate the birthday of Fred Korematsu. It had been signed into law by then-California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger on September 23, 2010.
26 June 2018 – In Trump v. Hawaii, Chief Justice Roberts wrote, “‘Korematsu’ was gravely wrong the day it was decided, has been overruled in the court of history, and—to be clear—has no place in law under the Constitution.” He then added, “The forcible relocation of U.S. citizens to concentration camps, solely and explicitly on the basis of race, is objectively unlawful and outside the scope of Presidential authority.”
Contemporary British Art – Nicola Godden
Below – “Torse Tornado”; “Icarus III”; “Icarus Rising VIII”; “Icarus Falling (X)”; “Eve V”; “Bone Form III.”
A Poem for Today
by Jim Daniels
“Brushing Teeth with My Sister after the Wake”
at my kitchen sink, the bathroom upstairs
clogged with family from out of town
spending the night after the wake
and the after—wake—cold beverages
have been consumed and comfort food,
leftovers bulging both the fridge
and the mini-fridge. In our fifties, both
half-asleep half-awake, we face each
other. My sister’s smile foams white
down her chin at the end of a day
on which no one has smiled. We laugh.
We may never brush our teeth together again.
No mirror down here to see our haggard faces.
We rinse, we spit. As we were taught.